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The Importance of Travel Vaccinations

Posted on 19 December 2017 by admin (0)

Why Travel VaccinationsTravel vaccinations are immunizations given to people who would like to travel to a different country.

Travel vaccinations are very important because in some countries, some diseases like measles, chicken pox, polio and many others have not been fully eradicated.

Travel Vaccinations will therefore protect the traveller from contracting such diseases.

Before making travelling plans, you should check their itinerary and be aware of the places they plan to travel since the risk of certain diseases will vary from one region to another.

Some places may have a higher risk of certain diseases while other places may have a lower risk of same disease.

A traveller should also consider their health status before they travel, if a person is sick, it is advisable to postpone the trip because travelling might put their health or the health of others at a high risk.

Travelling with young children should well planned for because most of the vaccinations are only for adults which leave the children at a high risk of contracting diseases.

When preparing the itinerary, every traveller should consider the following; the places one plans to visit, rural or urban areas, length of visit, the season, accommodation (tents, house or a room), food, the mode of travel and all planned activities.

A traveller should educate themselves about the places they plan to visit and how they can keep themselves healthy. Travellers should review their immunization history and find out the vaccines recommended for the countries or places they plan to visit.

The US centres for disease control has recommended three categories of travel vaccinations; routine vaccinations, recommended and required vaccinations. Routine vaccines are usually given to the young children against a number of diseases.

Countries are different and a travel should get vaccinated before travelling to protect them from contacting diseases at the place of their destination.

Travellers should be vaccinated against hepatitis A and B and diarrhea, the most common illness that can affect travellers in a foreign country.  Diarrhea can result from taking contaminated food or drink and result to a running stomach and high fever.

Travellers are prone to diarrhea because research shows that 98% of travellers at their first three days, they make a lot of mistakes on what to eat or drink at their new destination. The travel vaccination against diarrhea cannot completely prevent diarrhea but it helps to reduce the risk.

Travel vaccinations are very important because some countries are prone to specific diseases. For instance, a person travelling to Southern Asia must be vaccinated against typhoid fever. To reduce the risk of contracting typhoid fever, one can take an injection or an oral vaccine. This typhoid vaccine will reduce the risk by half.

It better to be safe than sorry. Travel vaccinations are very important to prevent many health risks. Prevention is better than cure, it advisable for every traveller to take caution rather than wait until they contract a disease and take medication.

The consequences of some diseases are detrimental while others may lead to death if a patient doesn’t get immediate attention from a doctor.

Getting immunized before travelling allows the traveller to enjoy their trip with good health. Though the vaccination doesn’t guarantee that one will not fall sick, they reduce the risks and a traveller can enjoy a stress free vacation.

Some areas like Africa, Eastern Europe and Asia are prone to Hepatitis A. Hepatitis A may result to liver failure and it’s advisable for every traveller to get vaccinated one month before they travel to search areas.

Travellers visiting Sub-saharan Africa, East Asia, Amazon and parts of eastern and central Europe should get immunized against Hepatitis B.

Travellers are required to get immunized against yellow fever for a number of countries and also areas with mosquitoes. These countries are found in the sub-tropical and tropical areas, for instance South America and Africa.

People travelling to Saudi Arabia must be vaccinated against meningococcal ACWY vaccine not more than three years and not less than ten days before entry in to the country.

Travel vaccinations are important for aid workers because they travel to disaster prone areas where people are vulnerable at acquiring diseases. This is because aid workers work with people who are already stressed and living in dangerous environments and their immunity is too low.

It is advisable for non-immune adults working with families that have been displaced to get vaccinated against varicella. Any person travelling to a bioterrorism region should be vaccinated against small pox and Anthrax.

Vaccinations will help travellers going to remote places against contracting diseases from the local population or from animals especially when travelling to the less developed countries which are prone to many infectious diseases.

A travel vaccination will protect a traveller against contracting a disease because a he/she will greet, hug and get into contact with very many people or even places. Even the means of transport can transmit some infectious diseases but when immunized, the risk is reduced by half.

A traveller who gets immunized, he or she is not likely to fall sick during their trip. Therefore, they have peace of mind and also will not incur any medical expenses whereas travellers who ignore vaccinations might fall sick and end up stretching their budget to cater for medical expenses.

Travel vaccinations are very important for a person travelling to regions which have water shortage. Most of the travellers to such regions end up taking contaminated or dirty water without their knowledge but if vaccinated; the risk will be significantly minimized.

In some developing countries, used bottles are refilled with tap water and sold at the shops and it might be quite challenging to tell whether such water is good or bad.

Refrigeration in developing countries may not meet the required standards and a person travelling might end up consuming spoiled food. Vaccines will protect such people from grave sicknesses and diseases.

Vaccinations protect a traveller from vector-borne diseases like dengue and malaria. Although there are no known vaccines against malaria, a traveller can get anti-malaria drugs to reduce the risk of contracting it. The African continent is highly prone to malaria and travellers going to Africa need to take the anti-malaria drugs.

Travellers should get vaccinations for tropical diseases such as bilharzia, hydatid and leishmaniasis. South Africa, Tanzania, Kenya, Egypt and some parts of Brazil that have fresh water lakes and rivers are prone to schistosomiasis.

Travellers should be vaccinated against tetanus because they might be prone to wounds and the areas they are travelling to might not have healthy centres. Adults should also be vaccinated against pertussis and receive a booster dose of Diptheria.

People travelling to temperate regions, central and northern Europe across Asia should be vaccinated against tick-borne encephalitis because they have a high risk of contracting encephalitis especially when camping or hiking through the forests.

Children with less than five years should be vaccinated against tuberculosis if they are travelling to areas that are prone to tuberculosis.

When parents are travelling with children, they should make sure that they are vaccinated to avoid serious diseases which might result to hear loss, convulsions, amputation of arms or even death. When children are vaccinated before travel, other children are protected from contracting diseases.

Travel vaccinations are very important because diseases and illnesses abroad are rapidly changing. A traveller cannot know what infections they might contract and therefore quite necessary to get vaccinated against most of the common illnesses.

Side Effects of Travel Vaccines

Travel vaccinations may result to the following side effects; reactions to injections which may be swellings, redness or pain, shivering, fever, headache, fatigue, pain at the muscles and joints. Young children may have high fever, and parents should keep them cool, give them a lot of drinks and dress them with light clothes.